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2013年成人高考专升本英语试题
2013-06-01 10:47:00      

I. Phonetics (5 points)
Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1. A water    B porter    C daughter    D laughter
2. A naked    B addicted    C smelled    D rested
3. A structure    B mixture    C gesture    D mature
4. A honest    B chest    C harvest    D forest
5. A feather    B leather    C strengthen    D southern

II. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)
Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer sheet.

6. ----Bradford graduated from college with honors at a very young age.
  ----He _____ have been an outstanding student.
A must     B could     C should     D might

7. None of us called the police when the two cars collided, ____?
A didn’t we     B don’t we     C did we     D do we

8. Not only I but also Douglas and Miranda ____ fond of watching television.
A am     B is     C are     D be

9. ----May I have the ____ of dancing with you, Madame?
  ----Yes, of course.
A pleasure     B joy     C right     D desire

10. Our president made a(n) ____ speech at the opening ceremony of the sports meeting which encouraged the sportsmen greatly.
A indifferent     B inspiring     C flat     D dry

11. Diana was reading Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, completely ____ in the mysterious world.
A being lost     B having lost     C losting     D lost

12. If I had known you weren’t coming. I ____ a cake.
A would not bake     B did not bake     C will not have baked     D would not have baked

13. Staying in a four-star hotel for a night costs____ renting a house in the suburb for a month.
A twice as much as     B twice more     C as much as twice     D as much twice as

14. In winter, traffic accidents occur____ on the highway.
A frequently     B suddenly     C usually     D rapidly

15. Only when I began to do it ____ that I had made a mistake.
A I realized     B I had realized     C did I realize     D would I realize

16. It was three weeks later ____ he heard the news.
A which     B that     C after     D when

17. He ____ live in a remote and underdeveloped country than in this modern but noisy city.
A prefers to     B likes to     C had better     D would rather

18. ____, Sam knows lots of things about philosophy.
A As he is young     B As young he is     C Young as is he    D Young as he is

19. Today the energy problem becomes critical. It ____ an immediate solution.
A calls on     B calls for     C calls up     D calls at

20. Dr. Zhang was always ____ the poor and the sick, his private clinic often providing them with free medical care.
A tended by     B absorbed in     C concerned about     D reminded of

III. Cloze (30 points)
Direction: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

The first snowboards were made in the 1960s. However, it was in the late 70s that they became more__21__. Throughout the80s, more and more people began taking up the sport, even though snowboards were not allowed on most ski hills. __22__ its earlier problems, snowboarding is now the world’s __23__ growing winter sport and most resorts(度假地)welcome snowboards.
In 1963, a Grade 8 student named Tom Sims __24__ a ski-board for a school project in New Jersey. Then, in 1966, a man name Sherman Poppen __25__ two skis together for his kids on Christmas day. He called his invention “ the Snurfer,” which __26__ the words “snow” and “surf”. In 1969, Jake Burton Carpenter received a __27__ for Christmas. He soon began designing boards, and today “Burton” is a popular __28__ of snowboard.
By the 1980s, snowboarding had become very popular. __29__, most ski resorts did not allow snowboarding because they thought it was too __30__.Since many snowboarders were young, many older skiers did not want them on the ski hills. The snowboarders had to go to the backcountry, __31__patrolled(有巡逻的)resorts.
Rejection at the resorts did not __32__ snowboarding from growing in popularity. Eventually, the owners of ski resorts changed their views. They __33__ that they could make more money by allowing snowboarding. One by one, the resorts __34__ to welcome snowboards. Today, many resorts even set __35__special areas where snowboarders can practice their creative tricks.

21. A spreading     B popular     C ordinary     D interesting
22. A Beside     B Instead of     C Despite     D Because
23. A fastest     B best     C most slowly     D most efficiently
24. A discovered     B found     C planned     D designed
25. A bought     B made     C attached     D mended
26. A combines     B mixes     C unites     D associates
27. A tool     B snurfer     C board     D ski
28. A brand     B game     C resort     D person
29. A Therefore     B Furthermore     C Meanwhile     D However
30. A showy     B dangerous     C exciting     D harmful
31. A nearby     B across     C away from     D close to
32. A fail     B involve     C stop     D drop
33. A rejected     B realized     C fulfilled     D denied
34. A wanted     B hurried     C refused     D began
35. A aside     B back     C out     D down

IV. Reading Comprehension (30 points)
Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One Win a week in England!

You still don’t know what to do this summer? Well, here’s your chance to win a one-week language course in Kent, England! Free4Fun and ETC (English Travel Connections) are giving away two trips to Rochester. This history city is less than an hour’s drive from London and close to the sea resort of Herne Bay. It is also the home of one of England’s most famous writers, Charles Dickens. The town of Rochester is in Southeast England. Charles Dickens often wrote about it in his books. His home, Gad’s Hill, is there, too. A popular attraction is Rochester Castle, a large Norman fortress. It was built in the 11th century and rebuilt during the 14th century. Other attractions are Rochester Cathedral, which was built during the 13th century, and Dickens Centre. It has got its name in honor of Dickens himself.

The trip to England includes:
travel by train (via the Euro tunnel) to and from any railway station in Germany
room and full board with a guest family for one week
language course in small groups
two trips to London
large choice of sports and entertainment
German-speaking advisors available 24 hours a day
Interested? All you have to do is to answer the following question:

When was Charles Dickens born?

So, take the chance and send your answer by 1 May to:
Free4Fun”Rochester”
Free4Fun,24 Elphinstone Road, Hastings,2FQ6VJ
fax: 089/85 763-103
e-mail:free4fun@netlight.com

The two winners will be contacted directly before 5 May. They will also be announced in the June issue of Free4Fun Good luck!
For further information contact:
phone: (03212)144 43
fax: (03212)144 42
e-mail:info@etc.com
36. Rochester Catherdral was built in the _____.
A 1100s     B 1200s     C 1300s     D 1400s

37. What activities can you participate in during the trip?
A Working as an advisory.    
B Learning German language.    
C Travelling with a guest family    
D Enjoying sports and entertainments

38. If you want to win a prize you have to send your answer to ____.
A the June issue of Free4Fun    
B free4fun@netlight.com    
C info@etc.com    
D ETC

39. The persons who know ____ of Charles Dickens are likely to win the free trip.
A the birth date    
B the home town    
C the major works    
D the writing style

Passage Two
In 2000, with little but a bar and a church left to make it a destination, tiny St. James, Nebraska, was taken off state highway maps. Then the church closed, and the small farm village in the state’s northeast corner looked set to just disappear. Thanks to five devoted women, it didn’t.
In May 2001, after meeting with staff from the Center for Rural Affairs, the friends—Louis Guy, Vicky Koch, Jeanette Pinkelman, Mary Rose Pinkelman and Violet Pinkelman—opened a weekend market for vendors(小商贩) to sell handcrafts and local food.
“We felt like, what can we do to bring the community together?” says Mary Rose Pinkelman, “We decided to make a place to sell local goods.” They set up shop in the church school, which, though closed for nearly 40 years, had been well maintained. The first weekend, 16 vendors look over an old classroom. The result was an instant hit. Today, the market draws up to 70 vendors----who sell such items as homemade jellies, baked goods, hand-woven rugs, and farm-grown produce----and what Pinkelman calls an unexpected number of visitors. In the process, the market has made St. James a destination again, putting it back on the state road map.

40. According to Para. 1, what fate was St. James Nebraska suffering?
A The replacement of the church school    
B The disappearance from highway maps    
C The closedown of the bar    
D The set-up of a market

41. St. James in this passage is ____.
A a small village    
B a little farm    
C a tiny city    
D a little town

42. What does the underlined phrase “an instant hit” (Para. 3) mean?
A a fast blow    
B a sudden beat    
C a big strike    
D a quick success

43. St. James has been put back to the state road map due to____
A the efforts of five women    
B the efforts of the Center for Rural Affairs    
C the vendors in the local place    
D the unexpected number of visitors

Passage Three

Romeo and Juliet was probably written in 1595, when Shakespeare was a young successful playwright. He had already written comedies and history plays, but had not yet developed his shill in tragedy.
The power of fate is strong to Shakespeare’s play. Chance and evil eventually join to bring tragedy. Chance involves Romeo in a murder, chance prevents a message from reaching Romeo in time, chance brings about a deadly meeting in a cemetery.
Many Elizabethans were followers of astrology(星相术) and believed that the stars could control events. Thus, Romeo and Juliet art referred to as” star-crossed lovers” whose stars doomed(命中注定)them to disaster.
Elizabethans also had a concept of fate in the person of Dame Fortune (命运女神). By spinning her wheel, she could raise the state of a beggar or a lower that of a king. One of the fascinations of Shakespeare is the way in which he put these ideas into the play.
One of the most difficult things to decide about this play is the question of responsibility. Did irresistible fate bring tragedy to Romeo and Juliet, or were they themselves to blame? The fact that this question is not resolved by the author also helps to make Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet a fascinating work.

44. According to Para.1, Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet ____.
A when he succeeded in comedy and history plays    
B after he had developed his skill in tragedy    
C before he wrote comedies and history plays    
D when he was no longer young

45. According to the passage, chance_____.
A involves Julies in a murder    
B sends Romeo and Juliet into evil-doing    
C causes late arrival of a message for Romeo    
D leads to a happy meeting between Romeo and Juliet

46. The passage indicates that Shakespeare put____ into Romeo and Juliet.
A historical events    
B Elizabethan beliefs    
C his personal experience    
D political issues at the time

47. What is unresolved about this play is ____.
A who is responsible for the tragedy    
B whether Romeo and Juliet are tragic characters    
C what the most fascinating element of the play is    
D how tragic fate can be avoided

Passage Four
Friends become a child’s chosen family. If his social life is going well, he gains confidence. If he has trouble connecting, it hurts and can make him feel sad and withdrawn and lonely.

1. Help your child communicate. Naturally outgoing kids have an easier time expressing their interest in other children than shy ones do. But you can help build this skill through practice. Ask your child about his favorite games and toys. Praise him for specifics when he shows interest in other people:” You were so nice to let Roger talk about his little dog. I am proud of you.”
2. Keep play short and sweet. Parents should keep early play date short, so no one gets too tired and everyone has fun. Schedule the next one soon after that, so kids can quickly build on their comfort foundation.
3. Know your child. If your child is bossy, tale with him and agree beforehand on which toys will be shared and which ones should be put away because your child just can’t seem to share them. If you have a shy child, match him with a younger child so he has a chance to be the leader.
4. Help your child help others. Encourage your child to be a better friend by helping him include others in play. If you see someone being excluded, don’t ignore it. This is an opportunity to work on your child’s ability to understand others. “Rachel is being left out. That must make her feel very sad. Can you think of a way to include her in the game?”
5. Help your kids help themselves. If your child is the one who’s being ignored or treated badly, teach him to speak up.

48. Which word can best describe a child who is good at connecting?
A Bossy     B Confident     C Proud     D Showy

49. According to the passage, parents can help their children communicate by____.
A showing their own interest in other children    
B encouraging their interest in other children    
C playing games with them    
D buying them more toys

50. The phrase” left out” in Para.5 is closed in meaning to____.
A neglected    
B criticized    
C not included    
D not respected

51. What is probably the best title for the passage?
A How to Help Your Child Help Others    
B How to Educate a Shy Child    
C How to Communicate with Your Child    
D How to Help Your Child Make Friends

Passage Five
Memory is the ability to keep track of things that have happened in the past. Memory really is leaning. One needs memory to ride a bicycle. A dog needs to remember if it is to come when called.
Memory is said to be stored in the brain as a “memory trace (记忆痕) .” What makes up this trace is not known. Some scientists believe that certain chemical substances may carry certain memories. For example, one substance, when given to rats, causes them to dear the dark.
Other research into memory has to do with how the brain works. Psychologists use three means to find out how a person remembers. For example, give a person a grocery list. Let the person memorize the list, then put it away. The most natural way to find out how much a person remembers of the grocery list is to ask what he or she remembers. This is called the method of recall. Another method is called recognition. Gibe the person another grocery list. Ask him or her to choose items on the first list from the items that are on only the second list. Often a person will be able to recognize thins that he or she cannot recall. A third method of finding how much a person remembers is called relearning. Here the person is asked to read over the first list. The person will probably learn the list the second time faster than he did the first time. The difference in the time it takes to relearn the list is thought of as a measure of how much a person has remembered.
One way of remembering something is to repeat it many times. Interest is very important. Boring lists of facts are much more difficult to remember than something that we understand and are interested in. Motivation, or wanting to do something, is also important. Motivation is linked with reward. For example, a hungry animal quickly learn how to do something if that action gets the animal food. In humans, wanting to learn is often motivation. The praise of a teacher or the knowledge that an answer is correct is rewarding.
52. We can learn from the 2nd paragraph that_____.
A bad memories may cause rats to fear the dark    
B it is hard to tell what a memory trace consists of    
C chemical substances carry certain memories    
D memory is stored in the brain as a substance

53. The way to pick out the items on the first list from the second is known as_____.
A recognition    
B recall    
C memorization    
D relearning

54. What is considered as a measure of how much one has remembered?
A The length of the list    
B The type of list items    
C The time difference of relearning    
D The time difference of brain working

55. A good way to train an animal to do something quickly is to_____.
A make the action easy    
B praise it in words    
C reward it with food    
D weaken its motivation

V. Daily Conversation (15 points)
Directions: Pick out five appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
A What do you mean   B What about you
C I’m not sure         D What a pity
E What do you think    F Sounds great
G Say, why don’t you come with us    H Do you mean it
Jessica: I’m so excited! We have two weeks off! What are going to do?
Natasha:__56__. I guess I’ll just stay home. Maybe I’ll catch up on my reading. __57__? Any plans?
Jessica: Well, my parents have rented an apartment in California. I’m going to take long walks along the beach every day and do lots of swimming.
Natasha: __58__!
Jessica: __59__? My parents will be happy to have you with in.
Natasha: __60__?I’d love to!

VI. Writing (25 points)
Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write an advertisement in English in 100-120 words based on the following situation. Remember to write it clearly.
61. 你(Li Yuan)所在的酒店需招聘数名管理人员,请你写一则招聘广告,内容包括:
1.招聘原因和人数;
2.招聘对象(年龄、性别、学历要求、工作经验等)
3.优先考虑条件(如:高学历、有多年工作经验、会外语等)
4.报名时间、地点和练习方式。
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